Fractal analysis of INSAR and correlation with graph-cut based image registration for coastline deformation analysis: post seismic hazard assessment of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake region
P. K. Dutta1 and O. P. Mishra2,31Advanced Digital Embedded System Lab, Electronics and Tele-Communication Dept., Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal 700041, India 2SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC), IIPA Campus, Ring Road Delhi, Delhi 110002, India 3Geo-seismology Division, Geological Survey of India (CHQ), Kolkata, India
Received: 23 Jan 2012 – Accepted for review: 29 Mar 2012 – Discussion started: 20 Apr 2012
Abstract. Satellite imagery for 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku has provided an opportunity to conduct image transformation analyses by employing multi-temporal images retrieval techniques. In this study, we used a new image segmentation algorithm to image coastline deformation by adopting graph cut energy minimization framework. Comprehensive analysis of available INSAR images using coastline deformation analysis helped extract disaster information of the affected region of the 2011 Tohoku tsunamigenic earthquake source zone. We attempted to correlate fractal analysis of seismic clustering behavior with image processing analogies and our observations suggest that increase in fractal dimension distribution is associated with clustering of events that may determine the level of devastation of the region.
The implementation of graph cut based image registration technique helps us to detect the devastation across the coastline of Tohoku through change of intensity of pixels that carries out regional segmentation for the change in coastal boundary after the tsunami. The study applies transformation parameters on remotely sensed images by manually segmenting the image to recovering translation parameter from two images that differ by rotation. Based on the satellite image analysis through image segmentation, it is found that the area of 0.997 sq km for the Honshu region was a maximum damage zone localized in the coastal belt of NE Japan forearc region. The analysis helps infer using matlab that the proposed graph cut algorithm is robust and more accurate than other image registration methods. The analysis shows that the method can give a realistic estimate for recovered deformation fields in pixels corresponding to coastline change which may help formulate the strategy for assessment during post disaster need assessment scenario for the coastal belts associated with damages due to strong shaking and tsunamis in the world under disaster risk mitigation programs.
Dutta, P. K. and Mishra, O. P.: Fractal analysis of INSAR and correlation with graph-cut based image registration for coastline deformation analysis: post seismic hazard assessment of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake region, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst. Discuss., 2, 149-175, doi:10.5194/gid-2-149-2012, 2012.