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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-2019-39
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-2019-39
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 21 Nov 2019

Submitted as: research article | 21 Nov 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems (GI).

Design and Applications of Drilling Trajectory Measurement Instrumentation in Ultra-deep Borehole Based on Fiber Optic Gyro

Yimin Liu1,2, Chenghu Wang1, Guangqiang Luo3, and Weifeng Ji3 Yimin Liu et al.
  • 1Institute of Crustal Dyanmics, CEA, Beijing, 100085, China
  • 2School of Manufacturing Science & Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, China
  • 3The Institute of Exploration Technology of CAGS, Chengdu, 611730, China

Abstract. The working environment in hot dry rock boreholes, encountered in deep geothermal investigation drilling, and ultra-deep geological drilling (up to 5000 m), is very difficult at the present stage. We have developed a drilling trajectory measuring instrumentation (DTMI), which is based on the interference fiber optic gyro (FOG). This can work continuously, for 4 hours, in an environment where the ambient temperature does not exceed 270 °C and the pressure does not exceed 120 MPa. The DTMI is mainly divided into three parts: an external confining tube, a metal vacuum flask, and a FOG measurement probe. Here we focus on the mechanical design, strength, and pressure field simulation analysis for the external tube, the structural design and temperature field simulation analysis for the vacuum flask, and the FOG Shupe error analysis and compensation in the temperature field. Finally, through the engineering applications of SK-2 east borehole of the China Continental Scientific Drilling Project (CCSD) and the geothermal well of Xingreguan-2, the data measurements of the drilling trajectory were used to analyze the stability of the DTMI. The instrument realizes long-duration, high stability, work in the process of making trajectory measurements in an ultra-deep hole. The instrument has the characteristic of anti-electromagnetic interference, and enables work to be carried out in the blind-zone of existing technologies and instrumentation. Therefore, DTMI has great potential in the promotion and development of geological drilling technology.

Yimin Liu et al.
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Short summary
This paper developed a drilling trajectory measuring instrumentation (DTMI) based on the interference fiber optic gyro (FOG), which can work continuously, for 4 hours, in an environment where the ambient temperature does not exceed 270 °C and the pressure does not exceed 120 MPa in ultra-deep borehole. The DTMI has the characteristic of anti-electromagnetic interference, therefore,this DTMI has great potential in the promotion and development of geological drilling technology.
This paper developed a drilling trajectory measuring instrumentation (DTMI) based on the...
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